The disposition of lower and upper teeth arch is referred as malocclusion. In more simple words, it is the degree of malalignment between our jaws. It is commonly called as poor bite and is seen in adults and is especially in small children due to poor oral hygiene practices.
Malocclusion condition can be classified on the basis of teeth & jaw conditions. Dentists use terms such as Class I, Class II and Class III for defining this alignment conditions. The crowding of teeth, open bite, cross bite, over bite, under bite, protrusion, malalignment of mid-line and teeth disposition are the occurrences in such conditions. The individuals with malocclusion often suffer from biting of cheeks and tongues, discomforts with chewing, biting or in speech and altered inhalation through mouth.
Generally spacing issues, twisting or rotating teeth, jaw conditions effects the occlusion or proper alignment of teeth. The genetic factors are also contributively in nature.
The common cause are:
Teeth problems-teeth loss, extra teeth, impacted teeth
Jaw problems-under developed jaws, jaw fractures
Poor dental care undergone-dental fillings, crowns, braces
Treating malocclusion is very important. It not only refines oral structure but also provides following benefits:
Less chance towards tooth decay problems
Relief from headaches, grinding teeth, facial pain associated with oral misalignment
Improves oral hygiene
The treatment includes use of braces, wires, plates, teeth removal, extraction, teeth reshaping, capping, bonding, orthognathic jaw surgery etc.