Crowns or ‘caps’ as they are often called are used to restore the shape, appearance and functionality of damaged teeth. You may also need a crown if you have done a root canal treatment, a filling or have a broken tooth.
It is an artificial tooth that is used to cover a damaged or decayed tooth such that it is protected from further damage and restores the functionality of the tooth. It can also be used to cover a misshapen or discolored tooth.
Ideal Candidate for Dental Crown
You may go for a dental crown in any of the following situations:
- To restore an already broken or cracked tooth from further damage
- To protect and restore a weak tooth that may break down
- To support and cover a teeth with filling
- To hold a dental bridge in place
- To cover a dental implant
- To cover discolored teeth or teeth that are not in shape
- For a cosmetic modification
Types of Crowns
Dental crowns can be made of different materials. Depending on the tooth location that needs a crown, your dentist may suggest a material or a combination that suits your needs. They may be made of metals, stainless steel, porcelain fused to metals, all ceramic or all resin.
Metal crowns: These are usually made of gold or other alloys. They are highly durable and can withstand biting and chewing forces well. Due to their metallic color they are not the best choice for teeth that are visible but are an ideal choice for out-of-sight molars.
Stainless Steel: These are prefabricated crowns that are used temporarily until a permanent crown of different material is made to protect the tooth or filling. It is commonly used in children to protect the primary teeth.
Porcelain fused to metal: They are strong, durable and can be matched to the tooth colour providing a more aesthetic option. But in some case if your gums recede or are thin then the metal underlying the porcelain may show off. It is an ideal option for front or back teeth.
All ceramic or all porcelain: A good choice for front teeth, they look like natural teeth and are more suitable for people with metal allergies. However they are not as strong as porcelain fused to metal crowns and may wear away.
All resin: Though they are less expensive when compared to other crown types they are more prone to fracture and may wear away with time.
After placement of crowns your dentist might give you a few tips and information on taking caring of your crown. The most important thing is to maintain good oral hygiene by brushing twice a day and flossing or using interdental cleaner’s at least once a day. This helps to remove plaque and food materials that may cause decay in the area where the crown meets the gums. It is better to avoid hard food items that may damage the crown. Also if you are in the habit of grinding your teeth, your dentist might suggest a night guard to protect your teeth.
With proper care, crowns may last anywhere between five to fifteen years. The cost associated with crown varies depending on the material used for the crown. To know more about dental crowns and the ones suitable for you, fix an appointment with our specialists today.